|dc.description.abstract||The utilisation of motorcycle taxis (MTs) as a public transport mode has increased significantly
in many countries. Whereas this sharp rise has somewhat eased public transport challenges in
rural Kenya, it appears to be fraught with challenges. This complex paradox has brought forth
contestations and (re)negotiation of public opinion on Kenya’s public policies. Muted in this
discourse isthe social actors’ role as an integral cog. Authorities must adopt a micro perspective
by better understanding patterns of utilisation of MTs before formulating or implementing
policies to avoid complications and redundancy in the existing public transportation structure.
This study analyses patterns of utilisation of MTs in rural Kenya, focusing on the Rongo subcounty in Migori County. Specific objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence of
utilisation of MTs; assess the social characteristics of MT users, and examine the drivers of
MT use. Rational choice theory, which informed the conceptual framework, guided the study.
This study took a mixed-methods approach, whereby both qualitative and quantitative data
were used, employing a descriptive cross-sectional survey design complemented by
observation and a desk review. The study sample size was 395 household heads drawn from a
population of 29,087. The sample was selected through multi-stage and systematic sampling
techniques. Data from main respondents were complemented by information from 10 key
informants who were purposively selected. Data were collected through a semi-structured
questionnaire, focus group discussions, and key informant interviews. Data collection tools
were subjected to validity and reliability tests before being applied. Quantitative data were
presented in tables and bar charts after being analysed using descriptive statistics such as
averages and percentages. Inferential statistics such as regression analysis were applied to
measure the relationship between variables. Qualitative data were analysed thematically,
presented as narratives. The study found that frequency of utilisation of MTs is high in the
study area. Approximately two-thirds (68.8%) of respondents reported using MTs daily. Most
MT trips were over short distances, with some respondents using MTs for non-essential travel
over short distances that could be travelled on foot. The satisfaction level with MT was slightly
above average, with approximately two-thirds (60.9%) of respondents either satisfied or very
satisfied. Despite prevalence of use and satisfaction, most respondents raised safety concerns.
Respondents aged 41-50 years (55.8%); those with post-secondary education (55.2%); those
married (83.1%); those employed in public sector (55.1%); those earning less than Kshs.
10,000 monthly (68.6%) and those without cars (90.9%) were more likely to utilise MTs.
However, there was no significant difference in MT utilisation about gender and motorcycles
owned. Timesaving was the key driver for MT utilisation. The study concludes that prevalence
of utilisation of MTs is high, even for non-essential short distance travel; some population
segments utilise MTs more than their counterparts, and timesaving was the most crucial driver
in the study area. It recommends strengthening MT sector safety regulations; sensitising MT
users on its safety and health issues, focusing on population segments more likely to utilise
MTs; and sensitising public and MT riders on time management.||en_US