Investigation on decolorization of biologically pretreated cellulosic ethanol wastewater by electrochemical method
Ambuchi, John Justo
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The biologically pretreated cellulosic ethanol wastewater poses a serious environmental concern because of its refractory and color compounds. The decolorization of electrochemical oxidation using Sb doped Ti/ SnO2 electrode for advanced treatment of cellulosic ethanol wastewater under different current density (5–30 mAcm2 ), initial pH (3–8.9) and supporting electrolyte (0–0.25 M NaCl) was investigated in this study. Complete decolorization, 8.5% chemical oxygen demand (COD) and 69.1% dissolved organic carbon removal efficiencies were achieved under the optimal conditions (20 mAcm2 , pH 5 and supporting elec- trolyte of 0.1 M NaCl) after 150 min. The energy consumption required to meet National Discharge Standard (GB 27631-2011) is 93.8 kWh kg COD1 . Further investigation revealed that hydroxyl radicals played a primary role in the degradation of organic contaminants, while active chlorine formed from chloride oxidation played a less important role. Direct anodic oxidation and indirect reaction via perox- odisulfate generated from sulfate oxidation could be negligible. The formation of chlorination by- products appeared to be low since the final total Trihalomethanes concentration detected was 263 mg L1 , with the detection of chloroform as the main Trihalomethanes.
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